The cities in general recognized aid of their own mediocre as a civic duty. The town's churches took the lead here, for the care of the poor was a historic obligation of the Catholic Church. Some cities had accomplished a dole, either permanently or to be applied in times of crisis. And the guilds themselves frequently had a treasury that could be applied to care for the sick, the unemployed, and the families of at peace guildsmen. By the late Middle Ages, such as action had get part of club regulations in a lot of cities, so that the guild acted as a relief agency for its extremities.
Cities were positions of asylum for the countryside. In wartime, the peasants of the countryside flew to the city walls for aegis. In famine they came to the cities for food. On economic crises, they came anticipating work.
Cities commonly tried to adapt such refugees, provided such adjustment did not imperil the city itself. There was a composite relation with the countryside. Some towns did jurisdiction over abutting villages and felt a particular obligation towards them, while other towns' agency ended at the city walls and so did their sense of duty. Even the most greathearted of cities, even so, found affairs when it was essential to get tough towards a flood of refugees. At such times, a city might arrange all non-native poor be booted out and the city gates close behind them. There were as well times when the city shut its gates early. This occurred on war, when a city acknowledged it would be beleaguered, and could not attempt to feed the taking flight peasant population by with its possess.
Medieval Castle Life
Medieval Castles Defensive
Rooms of Medieval castles